Ammonia is a promising, carbon-neutral fuel that has many applications. Apart from agricultural, industrial and marine fuel use, ammonia is also used for the energy storage of electricity produced by renewables. The ammonia supply chain is well-established due to its widespread use as a feedstock for inorganic nitrogen-containing fertilizers, as well as a variety of other industrial chemicals. Capitalizing on existing knowledge will enable a more rapid expansion of a new ammonia value chain for marine fuels.
Green and blue ammonia are expected to become increasingly important fuel types for the shipping industry, requiring new bunkering infrastructure. Some ports will be retrofitted, but because the energy density is less than fossil based fuels, there will be a substantial need for additional infrastructure. Constructing this infrastructure with conventional methods for bunkering, such as constructing jetties, represents significant costs and environmental interventions.
ECONNECT Energy's Ammonia transfer solutions
ECONNECT Energy’s floating IQuay™ is designed to safely transfer ammonia in bulk and for bunkering purposes. The universal design of the IQuay transfer system enables connection to any terminal and ship type according to specific needs. The transfer system is flexible and can be deployed quickly and without the environmental impact of building conventional marine infrastructure.
With the IQuay ammonia can be:
Exported from ammonia production facilities;
Imported for purposes of industrial use, or distributed for purposes of fuel or power production;
Used for marine bunkering by using the IQuay as an interface between storage tanks and vessels.
Ammonia can be transported by a variety of ship types depending on temperature and pressure specifications:
Anhydrous ammonia is transported in gas carriers designed for ammonia transportation;
Ships for ammonia transportation are similar to LPG carriers as ammonia has a similar saturated vapor pressure to propane;
Most LPG carriers can also carry ammonia.
Loading and Unloading
Loading and unloading from terminals to ammonia-carrying ships is handled safely with proper transfer systems such as loading arms/hoses, emergency shutdown valves, break-away couplings and more. Specialized training is required for handling toxic fluids.
The IQuay offers an additional safety measure by separating the vessel and the onshore terminal and reducing collision risk with any fixed infrastructure, which helps reduce any risk of loss of containment.
The transfer of ammonia for bunkering purposes similar to that of LNG.
Plug & Play: Turn-key bunkering infrastructure when combined with onshore storage.
Universal: The loading system can be connected to a range in ship sizes and can be painlessly implemented into existing terminals.
Cost-efficient: Significantly lower CAPEX compared to dedicated bunkering vessels.
Safe: Rigorous safety standards are required when handling; the IQuay's extensive experience with strict safety standards from the LNG sector and dangerous goods makes it the perfect option for ammonia transfer.
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ECONNECT Energy was born from first-hand experience with the challenges and inefficiencies of traditional LNG offloading methods from ship to shore. Our core offerings remove the need for fixed and permanent infrastructure such as quays, jetties, trestle structures and loading platforms. Dredging, which is expensive and damaging to coastal areas, can be eliminated with ECONNECT’s floating jettyless transfer solution.